Abstract Within the last two decades, there has been an increase in crack consumption in Brazil and worldwide, being already considered a public health problem. Although the prevalence in our country is low, around 1% in population studies, the crack consumers get easily addicted to it, and its consumption is responsible for up to 70% of the number of patients hospitalized for cocaine dependence. Because of the individual and social impact which is caused by this drug, countless studies correlate its consumption to the increasing violence and criminality rates. Treating crack addiction is very difficult and it has challenged specialists, but some interventions have shown positive results. This article aims at bringing theoretical subsidies to cope with this problem. MEDline, LILACS, CAPES, SciELO and Cochrane Library databases were consulted for the update of the theme.